Renewable Energy Source in Nigeria

Renewable energy is generally defined as energy that is generated from natural sources that are continuously replenished. This includes sunlight, geothermal heat, the wind, tides, water, and various forms of biomass. This energy cannot be exhausted but rather they are constantly renewed.

What is Alternative Energy Source?

An alternative energy source is a term used for producing energy rather than using fossil fuels. Generally, it indicates energies that are non-traditional and have low environmental impact. By most definitions, alternative energy doesn’t harm the environment; a distinction which separates it from the renewable energy which may or may not have significant environmental impact.

Due to the scope of this article, we will limit our discussion to only Solar Energy (Sunlight).



Solar energy, from its name, solar, is an energy produced by sunlight or ray. This energy is in the form of solar radiation, which makes the production of solar electricity possible.

Electricity is being generated directly from photovoltaic, PV, cells. (Photovoltaic literally means “light” and “electric.”) These cells are made from materials mostly known as Sunpower solar energy panels which exhibit the “photovoltaic effect” i.e. when the sunshine hits the PV cell, the photons of light excite the electrons in the cell and cause them to flow, generating electricity. Solar energy produces electricity when it is in demand – during the day particularly hot days when air conditioners drive up electricity demand.

PV panels are increasingly being used both in the city and in remote locations to produce electricity for households, schools, communities and also to supply power for equipment such as telecommunication and water pumps. The majority of solar panels or PV installations in Nigeria are off-grid connected systems.



In Nigeria and most parts of the world where solar energy is being utilized for electricity, the sun shines on the Photovoltaic (PV) cells or solar panel which works by converting sunlight to direct current (DC) electricity. The inverter converts the DC electricity into the alternating current (AC) electricity. The AC electricity is sent from the inverter to your electrical panel to power your lights and appliances with solar energy. The electrical panel is often called a “breaker box.”


Here are the top uses and advantages of investing in solar energy as your source of electricity.

  1. Solar Energy can help to Power Your Home Appliances
    Yes, you heard me right; your home can be powered by solar energy. Simply add solar energy panels to collect sunlight and convert it into electricity. DC power (direct current) is then sent to an inverter, which converts DC power into AC power, which now runs your home. Through the use of transfer switches and other safety devices your clean and renewable power source is capable of powering your home, camper, cabin, tool shed, or any other building for that matter.
  2. Solar Energy can help in Cooking our Foods
    There is no way we can exempt eating from our daily living. When you consider the energy and resources spent buying fuels such as gas and kerosene that are used in cooking alone, the utility bills may surprise you. Cooking with the use of solar energy is much easier than you think. We call it thinking outside the box, or in this case, cooking within a box. Imagine cooking inside a solar oven instead of your conventional one at home. Believe me; your meal will be done in no time.
  3. Solar Energy Can be used to Heat Your Water
    Have you considered the possibility of using solar energy to heat your water instead of using conventional fossil gas or conventional electric water heaters? Using solar Energy to replace this saves money and makes you use the natural clean source of electricity in achieving this purpose.
  4. Solar Energy can help in Powering your Water Pumps
    A typical solar powered pumping system consists of a solar panel array that powers an electric motor, which in turn powers a bore or surface pump. The water is often pumped from the ground or stream into a storage tank that provides a gravity feed, so energy storage is not needed for these systems. PV powered pumping systems are a cost-effective alternative for agricultural use and remote area water supply. Solar pumping has three primary uses; domestic use for washing, cooking and drinking, livestock watering, and irrigation.
  5. Solar Energy is Used For Outdoor Lighting
    If you’re like me, you will always want to come home at night to some sort of security light and walkway lighting present. Not only does it aid in a clear view of the walkway area, a clear view of keys and the entrance door, but it also serves as a deterrent to unwanted guests. As in the case of a pole light, your whole yard can be lit and best of all for free! Yes, with the use of our all-in-one streetlights the solar panel charges the integrated batteries during the day and the batteries run the light at night. Wow, after the initial cost, the lighting is free!


The cost of installing solar panels in Nigeria may be expensive but at PSC SOLAR (UK) LTD, one of the best solar power companies in Nigeria , we provide cost-competitive, environmental-friendly, high quality and innovative Solar/renewable energy products including but not limited to Solar PV Panels, Inverters, Solar Charge Controllers, Solar Streetlights and Deep Cycle Batteries. A full complement of all our products can be gotten from our e-commerce site www.pscsolaruk.com, a quote can also be requested for either by email – info@pscsolaruk.com, our Facebook page or through our blog.

We offer a 1-year warranty on all our products and installation within Lagos and anywhere in Nigeria can be scheduled within 24 -72hrs.

Mr. Michael Edun is a Senior Technical writer and IT Manager at PSC SOLAR (UK) LTD. Lagos, Nigeria. – 08120855444

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